SharePoint 2010 Configuring Search Service Application using PowerShell


It might be necessary at some point to use PowerShell to provision search service applications. For Example, setting up a search service application for hosted sites requires you to use PowerShell. The following steps manually take you through this process and I highly recommend going through the steps to become more familiar with the command-lets. ​ A sample powershell script is provided at the bottom of this blog.
Creating Search Service Application using PowerShell
1. Create Application Pool
Creating a an application pool for your search service application and throwing the object into a variable called $ app:
$app = new-spserviceapplicationpool –name contososearch-apppool –account domain\user

2. Create search service application
$searchapp = new-spenterprisesearchserviceapplication -name ContosoSearchServiceApplication -applicationpool $app
Note: Add the -partitioned switch after -name if the search service application will be consumed in a hosted environment.

3. Create search service application proxy
$proxy = new-spenterprisesearchserviceapplicationproxy -name Contososearchserviceapplicationproxy -Uri $searchapp.uri.absoluteURI
Note: Add the -partitioned switch if the search service application will be consumed in a hosted environment.
Verify the search service application proxy is online. It should be online by default..
$proxy.status
If it’s not online, you can change the status by punching in the following:
To change this property you could type something like this:
$proxy.status = “online”
Finally, you must update the change by calling the update method.
$changestatus.update()

4. Ensure the local search service instance is started
Run the following:
$si = get-spenterprisesearchserviceinstance –local
$si.status
If it’s enabled/started, skip to step 5!
If it’s disabled then run the following:
Start-SpEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -identity $SI

5. Provision Search Administration Component
Configure the administration component of the associated Searchserviceapplication. You can do this with the following command:
set-spenterprisesearchadministrationcomponent –searchapplication $searchapp –searchserviceinstance $si

6. Provision Crawl Component and Activate
By default, a search application created in PowerShell has a crawl topology but is missing the following:
· crawl component
· query component
You cannot add a crawl\query component to the default crawl\query topology because it’s set as active and the property is read only. The easiest way around this is creating a new crawl topology and new query topology. After creating both, they will be set as inactive by default. This allows for both crawl components to be added to crawl topology and query component to be added to newly created query topology. Finally, you can set this new crawl topology to active.

a. Create Crawl Topology
$ct = $searchapp | new-spenterprisesearchcrawltopology

b. Create a new Crawl Store
$csid = $SearchApp.CrawlStores | select id
$CrawlStore = $SearchApp.CrawlStores.item($csid.id)

c. Create a new Crawl Component
Create a crawl component for new crawl topology by passing the variables representing the crawl topology, search instance, and crawlstore.
$hname = hostname
new-spenterprisesearchcrawlcomponent -crawltopology $ct -crawldatabase $Crawlstore -searchserviceinstance $hname

d. Finally, set the new crawl topology as active.
$ct | set-spenterprisesearchcrawltopology -active

7. Create Query Components and Activate
a. Create a new Query Topology
$qt = $searchapp | new-spenterprisesearchquerytopology -partitions 1

b. Create a variable for the Query Partition
$p1 = ($qt | get-spenterprisesearchindexpartition)

c. Create a new Query Component
new-spenterprisesearchquerycomponent -indexpartition $p1 -querytopology $qt -searchserviceinstance $si

d. Create a variable for the Property Store DB
$PSID = $SearchApp.PropertyStores | Select id
$PropDB = $SearchApp.PropertyStores.Item($PSID.id)

e. Set the Query Partition to use the Property Store DB
$p1 | set-spenterprisesearchindexpartition -PropertyDatabase $PropDB

f. Activate the Query Topology
$qt | Set-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryTopology -Active

==========================================================
Sample Script
Thanks is in store to Colin at MSFT for taking the cmdlets above and throwing together a great sample script. Copy the script below and save it as a .PS1 file.
Note: When provisioning a search service application for hosted “multi-tenant” sites, the following cmd-lets must contain the –partitioned parameter.
New-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication (Step 3 below) New-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplicationProxy (Step 4 below)
Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell
# 1.Setting up some initial variables. write-host 1.Setting up some initial variables. $SSAName = “ContosoSearch” $SVCAcct = “Contoso\administrator”
$SSI = get-spenterprisesearchserviceinstance -local $err = $null
# Start Services search services for SSI write-host Start Services search services for SSI Start-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance -Identity $SSI
# 2.Create an Application Pool. write-host 2.Create an Application Pool. $AppPool = new-SPServiceApplicationPool -name $SSAName”-AppPool” -account $SVCAcct
# 3.Create the SearchApplication and set it to a variable write-host 3.Create the SearchApplication and set it to a variable $SearchApp = New-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication -Name $SSAName -applicationpool $AppPool -databasename $SSAName”_AdminDB”
#4 Create search service application proxy write-host 4 Create search service application proxy $SSAProxy = new-spenterprisesearchserviceapplicationproxy -name $SSAName”ApplicationProxy” -Uri $SearchApp.Uri.AbsoluteURI
# 5.Provision Search Admin Component. write-host 5.Provision Search Admin Component. set-SPenterprisesearchadministrationcomponent -searchapplication $SearchApp -searchserviceinstance $SSI
# 6.Create a new Crawl Topology.
write-host 6.Create a new Crawl Topology. $CrawlTopo = $SearchApp | New-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlTopology
# 7.Create a new Crawl Store.
write-host 7.Create a new Crawl Store. $CrawlStore = $SearchApp | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlDatabase
# 8.Create a new Crawl Component.
write-host 8.Create a new Crawl Component.
New-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlComponent -CrawlTopology $CrawlTopo -CrawlDatabase $CrawlStore -SearchServiceInstance $SSI
# 9.Activate the Crawl Topology. write-host 9.Activate the Crawl Topology. do {
$err = $null $CrawlTopo | Set-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlTopology -Active -ErrorVariable err if ($CrawlTopo.State -eq “Active”) { $err = $null
} Start-Sleep -Seconds 10 } until ($err -eq $null)
# 10.Create a new Query Topology. write-host 10.Create a new Query Topology.
$QueryTopo = $SearchApp | New-SPenterpriseSEarchQueryTopology -partitions 1
# 11.Create a variable for the Query Partition write-host 11.Create a variable for the Query Partition $Partition1 = ($QueryTopo | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchIndexPartition)
# 12.Create a Query Component.
write-host 12.Create a Query Component.
New-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryComponent -indexpartition $Partition1 -QueryTopology $QueryTopo -SearchServiceInstance $SSI
# 13.Create a variable for the Property Store DB. write-host 13.Create a variable for the Property Store DB. $PropDB = $SearchApp | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchPropertyDatabase
# 14.Set the Query Partition to use the Property Store DB. write-host 14.Set the Query Partition to use the Property Store DB. $Partition1 | Set-SPEnterpriseSearchIndexPartition -PropertyDatabase $PropDB
# 15.Activate the Query Topology.
write-host 15.Activate the Query Topology. do { $err = $null
$QueryTopo | Set-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryTopology -Active -ErrorVariable err -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue Start-Sleep -Seconds 10 if ($QueryTopo.State -eq “Active”) { $err = $null } } until ($err -eq $null)
Write-host “Your search application $SSAName is now ready”

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About sharepointsriram

9+ Yrs of IT experience
This entry was posted in Sharepoint 2010 Search. Bookmark the permalink.

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